Most people want flawless skin with complexions that are smooth, taut, and exude a dewy glow. One of the biggest culprits responsible for extensive skin damage and photoaging is repeated exposure to UV rays of the sun. Signs of sun damaged skin include dark spots and age spots on the face, uneven complexion, leathery skin, fine lines, spider veins on the face, milium, a gradual thickening of the skin, and deep wrinkles.
A wide variety of products and treatment options are available to reverse the signs of skin damage. Skin care products such as creams, gels and lotions that contain anti-aging, anti-wrinkle, and complexion-improving ingredients can help to reduce fine lines and deep wrinkles, stimulates collagen, decrease hyperpigmentation, and improve skin softness and smoothness. Prescription medication such as Tretinoin (Retin-A) creams and gels are highly effective in reversing sun damage.
Products that contain Retin-A can also treat a wide range of skin conditions such as acne, sun damage and aging, and rough texture and are available only by prescription through a dermatologist. Medical procedures such as chemical peels, skin fillers and laser surgery are techniques used to remove dead cells from the surface layer of the skin thereby stimulating the regenerative process to improve acne, irregular pigmentation or wrinkles. Some people may choose procedures such as Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections to help reduce the appearance of lines and wrinkles while others may prefer plastic surgery to make cosmetic changes to certain areas of the face and body.
Fortunately there are treatments to help lighten and diminish sun spots which includes daily use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen, fade creams, liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy) and sometimes laser treatments.
Diagnosing Skin Damage