Eczema is sometimes called dermatitis. It is actually a group of skin conditions that can affect you at any age. It is not contagious but can be uncomfortable because it makes the skin red and itchy. In severe cases, it can even cause bleeding. There are several types of eczema and each requires different treatment methods. Eczema can occur because of irritation, allergic reaction or hereditary conditions. The most common variety is atopic eczema, which can be treated with steroids to reduce inflammation and creams to relieve the itchiness and dryness. In some cases, light treatments and dietary changes have been shown to help. While there is no cure for eczema, many people grow out of it. Using the proper medications and avoiding conditions that cause eczema to flare up can greatly reduce your discomfort and lessen the severity of the condition. It is important to consult with your physician to make sure that you receive the most effective treatment possible.